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Reasons why your menstruation is late when you are not pregnant

The delay of menstruation can cause unseen panic or unimaginable happiness. Women who are trying to become mothers would gladly have accepted the delay of the menstrual period, but all the others would not be impressed.

How long can periods last? Average period cycle should last 5-7 days. Everything lass or more is not normal.

Pregnancy is not the only reason for the delay of menstrual bleeding. Many factors affect the cycle and can move the menstruation which is key to female reproductive health. Here’s what can lead to a delay of the menstrual period:

1. Stress

Stress affects the normal level of hormones in the body and may delay ovulation, and therefore menstruation. Big changes in lifestyle and stressful events (moving, divorce, workplace problems and death or illness in the family) increase levels of cortisol, a stress hormone in the body, which affects the secretion of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The change in hormone levels may delay menstruation.

2. Drastic changes in body weight

If you recently introduced strict dietary restrictions and you quickly reduced weight, or you ate excessively and you are overweight, it is possible to deal with irregular menstruation. Rapid and significant changes in weight can cause hormonal imbalance in the body and affect the regularity of menstrual periods. Chances for delay menstruation increases if you have extremely low weight or obesity.

3. Eating disorders

Certain conditions associated with eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia, are seriously affecting the regularity of menstrual periods.

4. Too much exercise

Exercise brings heaps of health benefits, but if you’re a woman, moderation is very important. The physical stress caused by intense exercise often causes disruption of the balance of hormones. Irregular periods are very common among athletes. Also exercise can result with very heavy menstrual bleeding.

5. Age

There are two periods in women’s lives characterized by irregular menstruation.

Puberty. Irregular cycles are characteristic of adolescence. The first menstruations for most teenage girls are irregular – sometimes start earlier, sometimes later, sometimes last longer, sometimes shorter. In some cases the need for several years for the hormones that control menstruation to reach balance.


Perimenopause and menopause. Changes in the regularity of menstruation is often a sign that approaching menopause. The transition to menopause, called perimenopause, is characterized by unpredictable periods. Menopause occurs after spending 12 months from the last menstrual period.

6. Certain medical conditions such as:

  • polycystic ovary syndrome;
  • endometriosis;
  • problems with the thyroid gland.

7. Illness, surgery and receiving medication or contraceptive pills

Some medications and contraceptive pills cause delayed menstruation or changes in the duration of the bleeding. In rare cases it may lead to complete termination cycle. Also, for irregular menstruation can contribute to the emergence of more serious illness, chronic disease, or certain surgical intervention.

8. Breastfeeding or high levels of prolactin

Abnormally high levels of prolactin in the body can lead to irregular menstruations or absence of menstrual bleeding. Many nursing mothers do not have regular periods until they stop breastfeeding.

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